15.February, Delhi – JAMA MASJID Mosque, LAKSHMI NARAYAN TEMPLE, RED FORT and QUTUB MINAR Tower
It was raining on the first day – very unusual at this time of year, but the rest of the holiday was quite sunny and hot. Delhi did not look so special in the rain and we got wet feet when having to take off our shoes in the temples. The drive the next day to Jaipur was very long with a total of 10 hours including breaks, but I expected that. We had a pleasant lunch break in a garden restaurant and a brief stop, where we were an attraction for the locals, for an ‘apero’ around sunset shortly before arriving. This became a tradition on the long journeys. The dinner in another hotel was accompanied by Indian dancing.
Babur (1483– 1530) was the founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a direct descendant of Emperor Timur the Great (Tamurlane) from what is now Uzbekistan. After losing Samarkand for a third time, Babur turned his attention to creating his empire in northern India.
At that time, the Indo-Gangetic Plain of the northern Indian Subcontinent was ruled by Ibrahim Lodi of the Afghan Lodi dynasty, whereas Rajputana was ruled by a Hindu Rajput Confederacy, led by Rana Sanga of Mewar. In 1524, Daulat Khan Lodi, a rebel of the Lodhi dynasty, invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim and become ruler. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526 and founded the Mughal empire. However, he again faced opposition, this time from Rana Sanga of Mewar who considered Babur a foreigner. The Rana was defeated in the Battle of Khanwa. After the battle, Babur occupied Delhi and Agra, took the throne of Lodi, and laid the foundation for the eventual rise of Mughal rule in India.